Breaking News
September 21, 2021 - M A Quader, DMD of DBL Group poses for photo session with the participants of the DBL Ceramics Business Conference 2021 at a resort in Gazipur recently. Md. Bayazed Bashar, General Manager, M Abu Hasib Ron, Head of Sales and other top officials of DBL Ceramics were present.
September 21, 2021 - Sheikh Rakibul Karim, acting CEO of Guardian Life Insurance Limited (GLIL) and Mahmud Hasan, Head of Human Resources of Wings Group, exchanging document after signing an agreement on behalf of their companies recently. Under the deal, Wings Group employees and dependent family members would be covered for life and obtain medical benefits. Senior officials from both sides were present.
September 21, 2021 - Mehedi joins Beximco LPG as CMO
September 20, 2021 - Tarique Afzal, President & Managing Director of AB Bank Limited along with Professor Dr. Hosne-Ara Begum, Executive Director of TMSS recently distributing food and relief materials among 1500 distressed families at Bogura who were hard hit during Covid pandemic. Senior Officials from both the organizations were present.
September 20, 2021 - Md. Jasim Uddin Khan, President of Shonge Achi Foundation, presiding over its 1st board meeting at its head office in the capital recently. General Secretary and other directors of the organization were present.
September 20, 2021 - A B M Amin Ullah Nuri, Chairman of Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK) and Engineer Md. Sahadat Hossain Shiblu, General Secretary of IEB, exchanging document after signing a MoU on “Electronic Construction Permitting System (ECPS)” on behalf of their respective organization at a city hotel on Sunday. State Minister for Housing & Public Works Sharif Ahmed M.P and Secretary of the ministry Md. Shahid Ullah Khandaker, were present.
September 20, 2021 - Dr. Md. Mofizur Rahman, Managing Director of SME Foundation and Md. Tajul Islam, Managing Director & CEO (CC) of Social Islami Bank Limited (SIBL), exchanging document after signing an agreement to disburse SME investment under the second phase of incentive package at SME Foundation head office in the capital recently.
September 18, 2021 - ‘Educational institutions cannot charge assignment fees’
September 18, 2021 - Nature and childhood in Tagore’s selected short stories
September 18, 2021 - BBS to reveal quarterly GDP growth stats
September 18, 2021 - Lanka Bangla Caption: Khurshed Alam, Senior Executive Vice President and Head of Retail Business of LankaBangla Finance Limited and Rahad Hossain, Country Manager of Infobip, Bangladesh, exchanging documents after signing an agreement in a city hotel on Thursday.
September 18, 2021 - Ad-Din Hospital for poor patients’ kidney treatment
September 18, 2021 - Country’s first female Medical physicist Dr. Fatima joined Gono Bishwabidyalay
September 15, 2021 - Anwar group gets new chairman
September 15, 2021 - Mohammed Monirul Moula, Managing Director and CEO of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited, receiving letter of recognition of highest taxpayers in banking sector for 2020-21 fiscal year from Fazle Kabir, Governor of Bangladesh Bank at in a city hotel in the capital on Tuesday.
September 14, 2021 - Sheikh Hasina & Sheikh Rehana are last hopes of the nation: Murad
September 14, 2021 - PM for making education programmes time-befitting
September 14, 2021 - bKash launches integrated transaction service with Community Bank
September 14, 2021 - Mohammed Shawkat Jamil, Managing Director of United Commercial Bank PLC (UCB), inaugurating its 205th branch of United Commercial Bank PLC at Rangamati sadar on Sunday as chief guest. Rangamati Pouroshova Mayor Akbar Hussain Chowdhury, Arif Quadri, AMD, N Mustafa Tarek, Mohammed Habibur Rahman, DMDs, ATM Tahmiduzzaman, Company Secretary and other officials of the bank were present.
September 14, 2021 - ABM Mokammel Hoque Chowdhury, Managing Director of Union Bank Limited, recently inaugurates the bank’s new branch at Habiganj Sadar through virtually. Md. Habibur Rahman, AMD, Hasan Iqbal, Md. Nazrul Islam, DMDs and other senior officials of the bank were present.
September 14, 2021 - Mohammad Shamim Murshed, Head of Retail Banking Division of Premier Bank Limited and Khurrum Siddique, Managing Director of Simco Holdings Limited, exchanging document after signing an agreement on behalf of their respective organizations. Under the deal, both the company will promote Premier Home Loan to sell apartments among individual customers. M. Reazul Karim, Managing Director & CEO the Premier Bank Limited and Mozaffor Uddin Siddique, Chairman of Simco Holdings Limited were present.
September 14, 2021 - Sydul H Khandaker, Managing Director and CEO of upay and Shihab Ahmad, Chief Commercial Oficer of Robi Axiata Limited, exchanging document after signing an agreement on behalf of their respective organisations at a city hotel on Monday.Top officials from both sides were present.
September 14, 2021 - Md Monwarul Islam, Director General of Bangladesh Accreditation Board (BAB), poses for photo session at certificate handed over ceremony to officials of Summit Power Limited, the first IPP in Bangladesh to receive testing and calibration accreditations for its in-house labs.
September 14, 2021 - JaPa MP Prof Masuda Rashid Chy dies
September 12, 2021 - KSRM donates 6 Bipep machines to Ctg General Hospital
September 12, 2021 - EBL concludes first SOFR-based deal with Wells Fargo
September 12, 2021 - Hasan Mahmud Raja of United Group Limited and Zillul Karim of Credence Housing Limited, exchanging document after signing an agreement to develop two multi-storied buildings at Mohammadpur in the capital. Top officials from both sides were present.
September 11, 2021 - Women empowerment is of the essence to achieve Vision-2021, 2041
September 11, 2021 - Abul Kashem Md. Shirin, Managing Director & CEO of Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited (DBBL) and Md. Forkan Hossain, General Manager (Accounts & Budget) of Bangladesh Bank (BB), exchanging document after signing an agreement for collection of Govt. Revenue/Taxes through Automated Challan System (ACS) at BB head office in the capital on Monday. Mr. Ahmed Jamal, Deputy Governor of BB and other senior officials from both sides were present.
September 11, 2021 - Kashem elected Southeast Bank’s EC Chairman
August 15 aftermath: How the coup plotters consolidated themselves so fast

August 15 aftermath: How the coup plotters consolidated themselves so fast

Enemies responded to Baksal Chairman Mujib’s philosophy with bullets

Probir kumaar Sarker: By mid-1975, Baksal Chairman Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was aware of the conspiracies hatched by some pro-Pakistani mid-level officers in the army. But he had also been facing opposition from leftist leaders Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Siraj Sikder and the JSD’s ASM Abdur Rob since the liberation of the country.

Yet he was not afraid of death, and continued to implement the decisions he deemed necessary for his “Second Revolution” – introducing a new form of unified governance system to eradicate corruption and abuse of power in public service and by his party men, and improve the economic conditions of his fellow citizens by achieving self-reliance.

Baksal was scheduled to officially replace the nation’s other political parties and associations on September 1, 1975, and the 61 district governors were supposed to take charge on August 16.

With the support of the pro-Pakistani army officers, the plotters were looking for support for their plans. Therefore, they reached out to the US embassy in Dhaka seeking backing, and instigated the leftist parties and the Awami League leaders who had been opposed to Sheikh Mujib’s political views. Finally, they got the support of Khandaker Mostaq and turned to him to implement their agenda.

After the assassins seized power on August 15, they were desperate to gain recognition for their act and sent out letters to all missions seeking support.

They formed the interim government – inducting 10 ministers and five state ministers from the Mujib government – in a fashion that people would tend to believe that the Father of the Nation had been assassinated by his own men due to internal feud in the government.

The coup leaders, including Major Syed Farooq Rahman and his brother-in-law Major Khandaker Abdur Rashid, were not ready to return to the army. Farooq’s office was directly next to the president’s at Bangabhaban.

Even though the assassins were in favor of renaming the country as the Islamic Republic of Bangladesh by following the path of Pakistan, they later dropped the idea.

The assassins announced a curfew amid a state of emergency curbing the basic rights of the people, engaged in diplomatic correspondence, and arrested Sheikh Mujib’s aides and sympathizers, including the four national leaders, MPs, civil servants and Awami League politicians on August 23.

In the next few years, thousands of wartime collaborators facing trial were released from jail, the ban on religion-based parties was lifted and restrictions were imposed on leftist parties. Secularism was removed from the constitution.

Also Read – Coup plotters were looking for a stalking horse

At the same time, an ordinance was promulgated in September 1975 to prevent the trial of the killers. It was later made part of the fifth amendment to the constitution by the regime of General Ziaur Rahman in 1979.

Recognition came fast

Soon after the brutal assassinations, Pakistan’s Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the first to recognize the Mostaq government, followed by Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen, the UK, Burma, Japan and Jordan as of August 18.

Five other countries formally expressed support to the killers – Brazil, Iran, Qatar, Malaysia and Nepal by August 20. Indonesia, Canada, the UAE and Switzerland announced a continuation of normal relations on August 20.

The Soviet charge d’affaires in Bangladesh called on president Mostaq at Bangabhaban on August 24 and conveyed the decision of his government.

The next day, the Dhaka press carried prominently-placed front page items announcing the Soviet recognition of the new government of Bangladesh. The USSR welcomed the decision of the government to promote relations of understanding and cooperation with all countries and honor all international treaties and agreements concluded by Bangladesh.

In response to Mostaq’s efforts to gain India’s recognition, Indira Gandhi on August 28 said India was “unshakably committed to the pursuit of friendship and cooperation with Bangladesh and with all our neighbors,” according to press reports.

She also hoped that the new government would continue its commitment to goodwill and cooperation in the subcontinent, and a fulfillment of the ideals on which Bangladesh was built.

On September 1, the Dhaka press reported the message by Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai recognizing the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. “I am convinced that the traditional friendship between our two peoples will grow steadily,” he said.

The PRC recognition was a feather in president Mostaq’s cap, permitting him to assert more than ever Bangladesh’s intention to follow a “balanced” foreign policy by reducing Indian influence.

The pro-China Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, who had been critical of Sheikh Mujib’s rule, extended his support to Mostaq and later to Ziaur Rahman.

Zia’s role exposed

A few days after the arrest of the four national leaders, the assassins brought to the fore their leader, Ziaur Rahman, then a major general and deputy chief of army staff.

On August 24, Zia replaced his rival, then chief of army staff KM Shafiullah and chose as his deputy Brigadier HM Ershad, who had been in India on training. The duo were in power till the death of General Zia in 1981.

The ouster of KM Shafiullah completed at least one stage in the army’s efforts to sort itself out in the aftermath of the August 15 coup. He was generally regarded as a weak leader, a quality which was seen by some as contributing to a slackening of discipline and, thus, to the action of the assassins.

Zia also created a new position in the army, chief of defense staff, to accommodate a confidante, then chief of Bangladesh Rifles Major General Khalilur Rahman, who had been with Sheikh Mujib since his repatriation from Pakistan.

The appointment of General MAG Osmani, who headed the Bangladesh Armed Forces in 1971, as defence advisor to Mostaq, was noteworthy. He and Zia were confidantes of Khandaker Mostaq since the War of Liberation commenced in March 1971.

Earlier, General Osmani resigned from parliament early 1975 in protest against Sheikh Mujib’s constitutional changes.

Also Read – Mujib’s economic policies and their relevance today

Missing in the spate of announcements was any reference to Brigadier Khalid Mosharraf, then chief of general staff and an active participant in the struggle within the army to resist the assassins and the plotters.

Zia begins court martial

On September 9, a martial law court in Dhaka found seven persons guilty of possession of illegal arms, according to press reports. Six of the convicts were sentenced to 14 years of rigorous imprisonment and one given seven years.

Five of the men, including Aminul Huq alias Tipu Biswas, were known as leaders of underground left extremist groups. They had been in detention for at least a year, some for more than two years.

The convictions took place even as a general amnesty was in place till September 13 for those surrendering illegal arms. ( Courtesy: Dhaka tribune)

About author


Pori to act in Tauquir’s next

Pori to act in Tauquir’s next

RN Desk;Pori Moni will be seen as the heroine in Tauquir Ahmed’s next film. She will be accompanied by Lux…

Reflection Team


আবদুল্লাহ বঙ্গবন্ধুর আদর্শের পরীক্ষিত সৈনিক ছিলেন: প্রধানমন্ত্রী

আবদুল্লাহ বঙ্গবন্ধুর আদর্শের পরীক্ষিত সৈনিক ছিলেন: প্রধানমন্ত্রী

: প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনা ধর্ম বিষয়ক প্রতিমন্ত্রী ও একাত্তরের মুক্তিযুদ্ধের প্রবীণ নেতা অ্যাডভোকেট শেখ মোহাম্মদ আবদুল্লাহর মৃত্যুতে শোক জানিয়েছেন। এক…

Recent Video

Photo Gallery

Folder not found